In the absence of time, it cannot be denied that fast food has become one of the most popular types of meals.
Is it because it is delicious because you can eat it on the go, or for the primary reason that it is prepared quickly and does not take up too much of your time. That is why a large number of you opt for a pizza, hamburger or burger instead of choosing a healthier meal option.
The impact of fast food on your health?
Before fast food becomes a habit, you need to know the essential information about fast food.
Most of the fast-food we eat today at fast food kiosks is full of carbohydrates. The huge disadvantage of these meals is that they contain very little fiber, while some fast food meals do not contain fiber at all. This can have a significant effect on the digestive system, so when you start breaking down food, carbohydrates will be released in the form of glucose right into the bloodstream.
Glucose is for those who are not chemically capable as if you were ingesting sugar, and if you ingest fast food often, your blood sugar level can jump sharply. This will condition the response of the pancreas, which will produce and release insulin to “eat” sugar.
This compound transports glucose to other cells that need energy, which is stored in the sugar molecule. When this happens, the blood sugar level normalizes. All this would not be terrible if there were no constant and frequent spikes in insulin, because you regularly consume fast food.
Constant spikes in blood sugar can create many problems. When you eat fast food often, your blood sugar level will rise regularly, which is why your response to insulin may worsen due to wear and tear. If this happens, then you develop a risk of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes or you will start to gain weight. Unfortunately, you will not be able to solve some of these problems with exercise, so it is very important to regulate your diet and reduce fast food.
Fast food affects the health of the digestive and cardiovascular systems
It’s not just glucose that can cause problems. Pastries are often full of trans fats which are quite dangerous, even more, so a lot of fast food also has trans fats.
Trans fats are produced fats that we get during food processing. They can also be found in cakes, pizzas, pastries, etc. Unfortunately, unlike added sugar, no trans fat is healthy for you. It will lead to an increase in LDL, which we often call bad cholesterol. In addition, they reduce your HDL and your good cholesterol, and all this affects the increased risk of type 2 diabetes, as well as heart disease.
Cholesterol is produced in the liver. Its concentration in the blood is closely related to the metabolism of fat in the body, and depends on several other factors:
- primarily diet
- hormone work and liver and kidney function
Blood cholesterol levels will show you whether your cholesterol is high or low.
-Normal values 3.1 – 5.5 mmol / l
-Decreased values <3.1 mmol / l Increased values> 5.5 mmol / l
Elevated cholesterol is present in a diet rich in fat, in the initial phase of hepatitis, obstructive jaundice (jaundice), lipoid nephrosis, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and a number of inherited diseases.
While reduced values are usually in hyperthyroidism, in some diseases in which there is severe liver damage (cirrhosis and severe chronic hepatitis). It is also reduced in malnutrition, anemia and in the case of taking medications such as aspirin, estrogen, thyroid hormones.
How does fast food affect your health through sodium?
There is another threat to your body when it comes to the effects of fast food. It is sodium or salt. Many people use it as a dietary supplement to improve the taste of food and make it much tastier. Sodium is one of the essential minerals for the proper functioning of the body, but if it is ingested too much, it can cause considerable damage.
First of all, sodium will lead to water retention in your body. Your body retains water making you feel swollen, bloated. It can be dangerous if you have high blood pressure, it can cause great stress for the heart and the entire cardiovascular system. Salt can cause serious damage to the body, so control your fast food intake no matter how delicious it is. A daily salt intake of 2,300 milligrams is recommended, and one fast food meal can easily exceed half that intake. Think about your salt intake throughout the day!
I recommend that you think about calories before eating fast food, which can lead to weight gain, which can increase the risk of respiratory problems, depression, can cause asthma and difficulty breathing. Make sure you know what you are putting into your body and try to be healthy and in shape as much as you can. If you need professional help, seek the services of a personal trainer.